Written in EnglishRead online
|Statement||by George Grassmuck.|
|Series||CAG occasional papers|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ii, 81 leaves ;|
|Number of Pages||81|
Download Polity, bureaucracy, and interest groups in the Near East and North Africa
East Africa is one of the most conflicted and poorly-governed corners of the world. Terrorists based in Somalia pose a security threat to the United States, while piracy off the Somali coast affects U.S.
economic interests and has led to the murders of U.S. citizens. U.S. policymakers face the challenge of protecting national security while helping tackle the poor governance. Certain issues always come to mind when one thinks of East African politics, and the issues that inform the study of African politics are numerous.
Thomson has written a text with wide-ranging coverage, including state, civil society, external interests, ideology, ethnicity, religion, neocolonialism, democracy, and legitimacy, among others.
The phrase "ancient Near East" denotes the 19th-century distinction between Near East and Far East as global regions of interest to the British distinction began during the Crimean last major exclusive partition of the east between these two terms was current in diplomacy in the late 19th century, with the Hamidian Massacres of the Armenians and Assyrians by the Ottoman.
Anne Skorkjær Binderkrantz, Darren R. Halpin, Helene Helboe Pedersen, From Policy Interest to Media Appearance: Interest Group Activity and Media Bias, The International Journal of Press/Politics, /, (), ().Cited by: An iron triangle consists of three actors – an interest group (or multiple groups), Congress, and a bureaucracy – that contribute to policy decisions in a given policy area.
Though iron triangles generally describe policy making at the level of the national government in the USA, similar arrangements with somewhat different actors may be. the role of the bureaucracy during the period of rapid growth in East Asia supports the view that the bureaucracy was a key ingredient of the ﬁmiracleﬂ.8At the same time, a substantial literature argues that the weakness of bureaucracy in Africa helps explain the poor development performance of many countries on the continent.
The Near East is a geographical term which roughly encompasses a transcontinental region comprising Western Asia, Turkey (both Anatolia and East Thrace), and Egypt (mostly located in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula being in Asia). Despite having varying definitions within different academic circles, Polity term was originally applied to the maximum extent of the Ottoman Empire.
Diplomacy in the near and middle east: a documentary record, Hurewitz, J. C.,editor Book Cambridge, United Kingdom: Archive Editions, English This reproduction of Professor Hurewitz's now classic work is designed "to unfold European diplomacy in and on the Near and Middle East in modern times".
Relationships among interest groups, congressional committees and subcommittees, and the government agencies that share a common policy concern. Formal Rules in bureaucracy Paid by federal gov, hierarchical structure, formal rules, merit system.
congress--[funding]-->bureaucracy--[favorable regulation]-->special interest group--[electoral support]-->congress policy subsystems bureaucracies more likely to work in this than triangle; networks of groups with an interest in a specific policy issue or area; not as stable as triangles.
North Polity removal from the African Bureau and its transfer to the Near East-South Asian Bureau in the State Department in the mids symbolized and institutional ized this new position.
11 Following Egypt's peace treaty with Israel as part of the Camp David accords, it was the government’s position toward the treaty that helped drive. An iron triangle is, well, a triangle including an interest group, congress, and the bureaucracy. Essentially the interest group (or, oftentimes a regulated industry represented by an interest group) sinks money and time into lobbying Congress to vote or act a certain way.
Specifically, whichever Congress members are on the (sub)committee that. economic performance in Sub Saharan Africa.4 However, studies of bureaucratic performance in Africa have been largely limited to case studies, which makes it difficult to test this argument systematically.
This paper presents first results from a project that attempts to provide comparable data on bureaucratic structure and incentives in Africa. Political economy in North Africa is based on the recurrence of “vicious circles.” The wave of popular revolts that sparked in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) in had different repercussions on each country, depending on the prevalent economic, political and social structures.
Africa needs a re-launched public service with its foundations in African values. Keywords: good government, democracy, governance and bureaucracy Introductıon Where is Africa’s biggest problem of politics or administration.
Bad administrators are appointed by politicians and bad politicians are put into office by the administrators. Tinkering with Bureaucracy: Internal Politics, Procedures, and Plans "Women in FAO Projects: Cases from Asia, the Near East, and Africa" – Alice Carloni "Getting to the Third World: Agencies as Gatekeepers" – Katherine Jensen Issues» Government and Politics» Bureaucracy and Government Bureaucracy and Government.
Commentary Eliminate or Radically Restructure Federal Student Loans Book Reviews Judicial Fortitude: The Last Chance to Rein in the Administrative State.
Peter J. Wallison. He was also special assistant to President George H. Bush and senior director for Near East and South Asian affairs on the staff of the National Security Council, With an inordinate amount of study spent on analyzing governmental organizations, Michael Lipsky has devoted substantial study to those street level bureaucrats that effectively create public policy through their individual responses and routines to their jobs.
Street level bureaucrats include teachers, police officers, social workers, but generally those that are involved in administering the. Author: Stephen G. Harding is a management and policy advisor to local his 38 year career, he has served nearly 60 public, private, nonprofit, and academic organizations.
He is currently an adjunct instructor and teaches graduate level courses in public administration at Northwestern University, the University of La Verne and California State University. The Best Middle Eastern History & Politics Books A camel train passing Jerusalem infrom The Library of Congress The Best Middle Eastern History & Politics Books is a reading list for those with a serious interest in understanding the modern Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
The crisis in Libya comes in the context of wider unrest throughout the Middle East and North Africa. The surge of what looks like spontaneous and ground up pro-democracy protests has been spreading throughout a region long controlled by authoritarian regimes from left and right of the political spectrum, and both pro and anti-West.
To assess the assumption that bureaucrats' self-interests affect bureaucrats' decisions in their capacity as officials (the self-interest hypothesis), two main points are made. First, the probability that self-interests are conceived and made operational in different issue areas is considered.
Atlas of the near East: State Formation and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, by Fabrice Balanche The Atlas of the Near East offers an in-depth examination of the economic, social, and demographic dynamics of the Arab Near East, defined here as Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine, in the period from to It discusses the central problem of aridity, the effects of foreign.
The first Arab-Muslim incursions into North Africa brought back many Berber slaves. Because of high demand for these in the East, later commanders and governors in the West came under intense pressure to take slaves, despite the Berbers' status as Muslims and the subsequent contradictions in terms of religious law.
Okay, now interest groups. An interest group is much what its name implies: it is a group of similarly minded people that gather together to make their voices be heard. In politics, these groups can get themselves heard by politicians just by having large numbers, or by having lots of money.
The overall size of the federal bureaucracy is not the main issue, however. There is nothing inherently good or bad about that bureaucracy being a. The Persian Empire was the first empire to connect multiple world regions, including the Middle East, North Africa, Central Asia, India, Europe, and the Mediterranean world.
Former State Department deputy intelligence director for the Near East and South Asia Wayne White doubts that the MEK has actually had the contacts within the Iranian bureaucracy and scientific community necessary to come up with intelligence such as Natanz and the laptop documents.
Institute for Near East Policy, L Street NW, SuiteWashington, DC Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Buchta, Wilfried. Who rules Iran?: the structure of power in the Islamic Republic / Wilfried Buchta.
Includes bibliographical references. ISBN (pbk.) 1. Iran—Politics and government. Political institutions in Africa that predate European colonization have ranged from large, centralized kingdoms led by a single ruler to smaller, village-based societies.
Centralized states may vary in size and complexity but are generally ruled by a chief or king, supported by a hierarchical bureaucracy. Worthwhile overview covering several countries in North Africa and Middle East spanning several decades. Clearly written. Covers a lot of ground. Informative.
Author's opinions and conclusions are clearly stated. I read twice in succession. Something I rarely find myself s: 6. Book list: Middle East and North Africa. Ancient Near East General. All in all, it is an excellent resource and covers religion, bureaucracy, demography, geography, ethnography and cultural exchange by making full use of literary and archaeological resources, making it.
North Charles Street Baltimore, Maryland, USA +1 () [email protected] © Project MUSE. Produced by Johns Hopkins University. Novem | Morgan Dwyer, Lindsey R. Sheppard, Angelina Hidalgo, Melissa Dalton The U.S.
defense enterprise has an impressive history of science, engineering, and innovation. However, today, it struggles to retain its technical talent.
Focus: Middle East | Country: Austria | About: As a center for the study of the Near and Middle East, including North Africa, the institute is not merely the only institution of its kind in Austria, but is also one of the largest such institutes in central Europe.
Research includes funded projects, and teaching concentrates on Ancient Near. At the same time, bureaucracy itself is decisively affected by political decision-making, for instance through structural or personnel management reforms. Indeed, much of the literature on the ‘administrative factor’ in the policy process deals with the tension between political control and bureaucratic self-interest by investigating the.
ABIDJAN, J — A new assessment of the quality of government policies and institutions that support growth and poverty reduction in Africa shows some progress for a few countries but flat or deteriorating scores for the majority, according to a new World Bank Review. The latest Country Policy and Institutional Assessment (CPIA) for Africa describes the progress made in low-income.
He is also a consultant on the Middle East and North Africa region for the World Bank and the UN Millennium Project. He worked as an Economist for the International Monetary Fund from to Alongside the perceived U.S. withdrawal from the Middle East, the emergence of new economic opportunities and security threats in the Red Sea has apparently spurred Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates to draw closer to their neighbors in the Horn of Africa.
9 Hillard VG, Notshulwana M “Strategies for ensuring sustainable democracy in South Africa” () Acta Academica 10 Hillard (fn 9 above). 11 Harman G “Democracy, bureaucracy and the politics of education” as in Chapman, JS and Dustan JF Democracy and bureaucracy- tensions in public schooling () New York Press The book also offers a much-needed criticism of special interest groups in the United States and of their impact on formulating economic and social policies.
While Fukuyama regards this dysfunction in the U.S government and the rise of the far-right politics in Europe as signs of democratic decay, he asserts that liberal democracy will be the.Dr. Daniel Pipes, a Ph.D. in Islamic History (Harvard University, ), is Founder and President of the Middle East Forum, Publisher of Middle East Quarterly, Founder of Campus Watch, Taube Distinguished Visiting Fellow at the Hoover Institution of Stanford University, a signatory of the Project for the New American Century, a former board member of the U.S.
Institute of Peace, a former.